Stag beetles are a group of about 1,200 species of beetles. Its name is derived from the large and distinctive mandibles found on the males of most species, which resemble the antlers of stags.
A well-known species in much of Europe is Lucanus cervus referred to in some European countries (including the United Kingdom) as ‘the’ stag beetle.
The Stag Beetle is the largest terrestrial insect in Europe. Most are about 5 cm (2.0 in) but some grow to over 12 cm (4.7 in). It is omnivorous but it eats a predominantly vegetarian diet.
- Scientific Name: Lucanus cervus
- Size: 5 to 12 cm (2.0 to 4.7 in)
- Diet: Decaying wood, leaves, nectar, fruits, flowers, and smaller insects